A fine chinese Jaiqing period famille rose porcelain bowl of hexagonal form with its original carved and pierced hardwood stand. Polychrome enamelled with a continuous scene of noblemen and women in a garden, the interior and underside of turquoise glaze, foot rim, iron red seal mark and old paper labels with pierced hardwood stand.
Chinese famille rose (known in Chinese as fencai) or ruancai, lit. 'soft colours' or 'pale colours', and later as Yangcai, lit. 'foreign colours' was introduced late in the reign of the Kangxi Emperor (1661-1722), possibly around 1720.
Condition: Professionally repaired.
Dimensions: 16.5cm x 7cm.
Provenance: Ex. estate Harrogate, N Yorkshire, UK.
Famille rose (French: "rose family") is the group of Chinese porcelain wares characterized by decoration painted in opaque overglaze rose colors, often involving shades of pink and carmine. These colors were known to the Chinese as yangcai, "foreign colors" because they were first introduced from Europe (around 1685). The enamel paint used was originally the type of glaze applied to metal wares, such as cloisonne, and was adapted to porcelain after it entered China.
By the time of the reign of Yongzheng (1722-35) in the Qing dynasty (1644-1911), these shades were favored over the translucent famille verte (five-colored ware) overglaze colors that were previously used. Famille rose porcelain reached a climax of perfection at Jingdezhen under the directions of Nian Xiyao (1679-1739) and Tang Ying (1682-1756), and continued with great delicacy through the Qianlong period (1735-1796).
Nowadays, the term fencai, lit. "pink color" is perhaps more commonly used, and is almost interchangeable with yangcai. However, fencai did not appear in official records until the beginning of the 20th century.
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