This is a fine late 19th century or early 20th century Satsuma figure of a woman, possibly a Geisha. Well sculptured and quite heavy. The figure is hand painted and decorated in enamel with fine detailing over the entire figure and lots of gilding over much of the kimono in the style of Kutani ware. The face has excellent detail and depth. She looks very lovely and serene from every angle. Indeed, the figure epitomizes the beauty of Japanese women. Marks on underside. A fine example of Japanese Satsuma.
Kutani ware, made in Kaga province (now in Ishikawa prefecture). The name "Old Kutani" refers to decoration with heavily applied overglaze enamels and produced in the Kaga mountain village of Kutani. The powerful Maeda family had established a kiln there by 1656.
Condition: Very good. Toes of the left foot missing and what looks like a professional repair to the back of the neck which is only visible from behind. No other damage.
Dimensions: 31cm tall.
Provenance: Ex. private collection, Hampshire, UK.
Satsuma Ware is a type of earthenware pottery originating from the Satsuma province in southern Kyushu, Japan's third largest island.
The first kilns were established in the 16th century by Korean potters kidnapped by the Japanese for their extraordinary skills. Prior to this, there was no real ceramic industry to speak of in the Satsuma region.
There are two distinct types of Satsuma Ware. The original Ko-Satsuma is characterised by a heavy dark glaze, often plain, but occasionally with an inscribed or relief pattern. This style is rarely seen outside museums and it proliferated up until about 1800.
From around 1800, a new style - Kyo-satsuma - became popular. Famed for its delicate ivory coloured ground with finely crackled transparent glaze, it was markedly different to Ko-Satsuma. These early designs focused on over-glaze decoration of simple, light, floral patterns with painted gilding. Colours often used were iron red, purple, blue, turquoise, black and yellow.
The first presentation of Japanese Arts to the West was in 1867 and Satsuma ware was one of the star attractions. This helped to establish the aesthetic we are most familiar with today. This export style reflects the international tastes of the time. Popular designs featured mille-fleur (a thousand flowers), and complex patterns. Many pieces featured panels depicting typical Japanese scenes to appeal to the West such as pagodas, cherry blossom, birds and flowers and beautiful ladies and noblemen in traditional dress.
The height of popularity for Satsuma ware was the early Meiji period, from around 1885. The market became saturated with cheaper mass-produced work lacking the quality of the earlier pieces. By the 1890s Satsuma ware had lost favour with the critics, but remained popular with the general public. It became synonymous with Japanese ceramics and was still being produced by some factories as late as the 1980s.
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